Thursday, 10 April 2014

(By Hitangshu Chatterjee and Kalpana Chatterjee)

Late Trailokya Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, popularly known as  T.L.Rana, hailed from Kathmandu, Nepal, was a scion in the Rana Region of Nepal. He was fondly called ‘Hari Raja’ by his parents and relatives in his boyhood. His father, His Excellency ‘Dhana Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana’ being a General in the Nepalese Army, wanted to divert his mind (T.L.Rana) in the army warfare and as such awarded him a title of ‘Colonel’ and put him in discipline. However, his mind had never been in such attachment but was confined in the subtle beauties of ‘Sur and Laya’. In his boyhood many a famous musicians from India and abroad from different disciplines used to visit to Rana Durbar on invitation and rendered their skills which drag his mind to listen and observe their performances but this restricted him because of the culture of Rana family. He then used to listen them from behind and grasped many ‘Ragas and Bandishes’ which he demonstrated to his ‘Gurumas’ when he could avail the opportunity secretly. The ‘Gurumas’ were very much charmed to see the talent of such small boy and voluntarily coached him some beautiful Ragas and Bandishes which he could easily pick up and render. Noticing the aptitudes of his musical art his elders arranged for training under some famous musicians of different ‘Gharanas’ and thus he could able to quench his thrust for Vocal Music, Tal Badya and Kathak Dance. He received extensive training as under :-

1)DHRUPADA                                : ‘Khandarbani’- In the tradition of Lachmandasji
                                                             and  Ramsevak Misraji.

                                                          : ‘ Nouharbani’- Ustad Ghulam Hussain
                                                          : ‘Gouharbani’ – Ustad Taj Khan.

2)KHEYAL                                      : In the tradition of Ustad Inayet Hossain Khan and
                                                             Ustad Rahamat Khan of ‘ Gwalior Gharana’.

  3) SADRA                                       : Ustad Kala Nazir Khan of Muradabad, U.P.
     AND MUSICOLOGY                  : In the tradition of Ustad Niamatullah Khan of
                                                              Lucknow and Sangit Shastri Dev Chandra
                                                              Sharma  of ‘ Seni Gharana’, Jaipur.

5) TABLA                                           : Biru Misraji of ‘Benaras Gharana’

6) KATHAK DANCE                         : From Pandit Achhan Maharaj of ‘ Lucknow
                                                               Gharana’ and Pandit Jaylal of ‘ Jaipur Gharana’
Thus it is seen that he was a great Maestro in the art of music. He also obtained the B.A. Degree from the Benaras University having optional in Sanskrit language .

As a performing artist both in Dhrupad and Kheyal his mastery knew no bounds. There are many instances of rendering his vocal recitals with top class accompanists where his degree of knowledge established supreme. His many recitals in the conferences at Kolkata like Tansen Sangit Sammelan, Surdas Sangit Sammelan, Dhrupad Mela at Benaras and Vrindavan, established his proficiency in the art.

He was the founder director of Rana Sangit Samsad at Kolkata in the year 1952-53. Under his patronage many top class musicians received talim in theory and practical e.g. Prof Sisirkana Dhar Chowdhury ( Violin), Pt. Buddhadev Das Gupta (Sarod), Sri E.S. Perera (Sarod), Pt Swapan Chowdhury (Tabla), Pt Gour Goswamy (Flute) and many vocalists like Smt. Haimanty Sukla, Smt. Shephali Ghosh, Smt. Kalpana Chatterjee, Smt. Jayanti Biswas and in  Kathak dance – Smt. Sumitra Mitra, Smt. Sulekha Mukherjee and Dr. Malabika Mitra etc. He had extreme competence both in theory and practical Angya in the art and as a result many students from different corners came under his tutelage for appearing in B.Muse, Music examinations of different universities. He was also examiner and guide  in Doctorate degrees of different universities. He was examiner and paper setter of higher in different universities.

He left for his heavenly abode in 1983. After his sad demise his nearest students and well wishers established a university type music institution naming TRAILOKYA SANGIT PARISHAD to commemorate him throughout ages. Sri Hitangshu Chatterjee, Smt. Kalpana Chatterjee, Prof Sisirkana Dhor Chowdhury, Deb Kishore Ghosh and others are the founders of the institution. It has presently 60 to 70 centers at different corners of West Bengal and outside states. It confers Diploma and Degree certificates every year and holds music conferences inviting artists from different places.


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